The Effects of Aging on Body Composition

In the past few articles, I’ve illustrated the plethora of reasons why the scale is not an accurate assessment of your level of fitness and then discussed the two most popular methods of determining body composition: Caliper Measurements and Bioelectrical Impedance. You will recall that measuring body composition is superior to stepping on the scale. Body composition refers to the body’s relative amounts of fat vs. lean body mass (organs, bones, muscles). Optimal body composition is best gained through proper diet and exercise. (We’ll discuss how to improve your body composition next month.) Examples of poor body composition are underdeveloped musculature or excessive body fat. Being overweight (that is, overly fat) is the more common problem.

Let’s begin with the underlying cause of weight (fat) gain for most men and women, including those who eat reasonably and exercise regularly. First, unless you strength train with intensity, you lose about 5 to 7 pounds of muscle tissue every decade of adult life. Aerobic activities, as good as they are for cardiovascular fitness, do little to prevent the loss of muscle during the aging process.

Second, the 5-7 pound per decade muscle loss leads to a 3-5 percent per decade reduction in resting metabolic rate. Because your resting metabolism accounts for about 70 percent of your daily calorie utilization, this seemingly small change in energy expenditure is largely responsible for an average fat gain of 15 to 20 pounds per decade. Keep in mind that a 20-pound per decade fat gain represents only 19 unused calories per day. Ouch!

Third, low-calorie diets and general exercise programs are effective for temporary weight loss (the loss of both fat AND muscle – this is NOT good) because of a negative energy balance (fewer calories eaten than needed for maintenance). However, neither approach addresses the underlying problems of fat gain, namely, less muscle and lower metabolic rate. In fact, low-calorie diet plans result in further muscle loss and metabolic slowdown, thereby making future weight regain almost inevitable.

Fourth, the only activity that reverses the age-related processes of muscle loss and metabolic slowdown is strength training. Based on our research, 10 weeks of basic resistance exercise builds, or replaces, 3 pounds of muscle, which increases resting metabolic rate by about 7 percent, and results in 3 pounds to 12 pounds of fat loss. Obviously, this is an excellent means for attaining and maintaining a healthy body composition and body weight.

For example, a typical low-calorie diet plan may result in a 9-pound fat loss and 3-pound muscle loss. On the scale, this appears as a 12-pound weight loss, but it really represents 9 pounds in the right direction (fat loss) and 3 pounds in the wrong direction (muscle loss), for an actual body composition improvement of 6 pounds (half what the scale indicates).

Conversely, a typical strength-training program may result in a 9-pound fat loss and a 3-pound muscle gain. On the scale this appears as a 6-pound weight loss, but it really represents 9 pounds in the right direction (fat loss) plus 3 pounds in the right direction (muscle gain), for an actual body composition improvement of 12 pounds (twice what the scale indicates).

In measuring body composition, it’s not only important what the result is, but also how you arrived at it. For example, let’s say you’re a woman with a skinfold or bioelectric impedance body fat measurement of 22%. At first glance it seems that you fall into a healthy body fat range. The problem is, since the error factor for both of these methods is up to +/-8%, this number could mean your actual body fat could be as low as 14% (risky – low body fat) or as high as 30% (borderline excess fat). Inaccurate information like this is no better than no information at all, and can be downright dangerous if being used to determine an appropriate diet and/or training program. This is why it’s so important to receive an accurate body composition assessment. It’s the only way to get the proper information necessary for making sensible decisions regarding nutrition and fitness programs.

3 Extremely Efficient Ways to Increase Semen Volume and Sperm Count

In case you are concerned about the quantity of semen you ejaculate, let me just say there are several natural methods to aid in increasing your sperm production.

Natural Solutions For An Increased Ejaculation

1. Stay well hydrated – Maintaining the body well hydrated is among the most crucial measures you’ll want to consider so that you can produce as well as ejaculate a larger amount of sperm. But if the body is not properly hydrated, chances are it will decrease the quantity of semen created. Therefore, it’s a good idea to consume a minimum of 8 glasses of normal water daily.

In case you exercise in a health club, you need to consume much more water because you usually sweat out considerably. The main concept is to maintain your body properly hydrated.

2. Zinc and Essential Fats must be integrated in what you eat. The reason being both equally are vitally important to the growth of the male sex hormone Testosterone. Zinc deficiency usually leads to reduced ejaculation volume and sperm count. This can also lead to fertility problems.

Different scientific studies and tests show that zinc health supplements will help you increase the ejaculation volume and sperm count.

Animal protein is definitely the ideal supply of zinc because zinc made by this source is most easily assimilated by your system.

Besides this, the body needs essential fats like Omega 3 to be able to create hormones such as Testosterone. Certain foods that include essential fats must consequently be an element of your everyday eating habits. Several excellent sources could consist of nuts and beans. olives, olive oil and so on.

3. Herbal Sperm Enhancers

This kind of natural health supplements is definitely a great aid. They aren’t simply a wealthy mix of minerals such as zinc oxide as well as different herbs but additionally include a great deal of amino acids like l-arginine, l-carnitine, l-glysine etc., which are vitally important to get the desired sperm count.

Cutting edge sperm enhancers will help increase your ejaculation volume by an incredible 500% if you take them for 4-5 months. In addition to this, these sperm enhancers additionally assist you to have hard and strong erections due to increased blood circulation towards the male member.

More than that, there aren’t any unwanted effects. For this reason these herbal remedies have grown to be very popular between men looking for sexual enhancement. Also, these herbal supplements are medically authorized and endorsed by physicians.

6 Surprising Tips for Penis Health

Every man cares about good penis health. He will go to great lengths to ensure that his sexual health is in the best condition possible, and that includes the basics of penis care – keeping the private regions clean, well-tended and moisturized, as well as protected during any sexual encounters.

But when a man has looked over all the potential penis health tips and simply wants to do something more to ensure the best health possible, this list can help. It’s filled with some of the stranger penis health ideas that can lead a man into the best sexual health of his life.

Strange penis health tips

Need to do something more to make sure the penis is ready for action? Here are a few things to consider.

1. Take a long walk. Though men are probably aware that regular exercise is one of the keys to ensuring good overall health, it also pays to take care of the penis through gentle activity. A good walk of at least two miles per day can result in a 50% decrease in the chances of erectile dysfunction.

2. Get a vasectomy. Sometimes men face sexual health problems because they have serious anxiety. This is especially true if a man has decided he doesn’t want children, or he already has more than enough kids to handle. In that case, getting snipped can be an excellent idea. It reduces anxiety, ups the relaxation level and of course, leads to a more active sex life.

3. Stop cheating. Speaking of anxiety, few things can make a man feel more nervous than the prospect of his wife finding out about his mistress. That kind of anxiety can affect a man’s performance in bed. Besides that, there is the fact that being with more than one partner increases the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.

4. Avoid cowgirl. Though it’s one of the most amazing sexual positions a man can enjoy, it can also lead to a serious problem – one that involves fracturing (ouch!) of the penis. When the penis slips out of a partner and hits the pubic bone, it can be best described as running full-tilt into the trunk of a tree – the tree has the same density as that bone does. Since cowgirl is the position that most often leads to this devastating injury, if a man does indulge, he should encourage his partner not to get too wild.

5. Test the blood sugar. Among the reasons that a man might have trouble getting it up, diabetes is at the top of the list. In fact, uncontrolled diabetes can cause so much damage to the smaller blood vessels of the body that erectile dysfunction can become the norm, not the exception. To counter the problem, get regular physicals, know the signs of diabetes and conduct a blood sugar test from time to time to ensure things are where they should be.

6. Yawn like crazy. Sure, it sounds nuts, but yawning is actually good for the body and the penis. Why? A yawn is triggered by nitric oxide, which is the same chemical that triggers erections. When the brain releases nitric oxide, it can affect either breathing or erections – or both. That’s why it’s good to create more of it! Therefore, yawning more often will increase the release of nitric oxide, which in turn can lead to longer or firmer erections. It’s a win-win all around.

In addition to these strange penis health scenarios, a man should keep things simple on a daily basis with a great penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Look for a crème that contains several important nutrients, such as retinol for odor-fighting properties, pantothenic acid for healthy tissue, and vitamin C for better elasticity of the penis. A plethora of vitamins and nutrients in a Shea butter base, enhanced with vitamin E for further hydration, can help ensure maximum penis health.

Mental Illness and the Early Insane Asylums – A Shameful Past

Originally in the later part of the Middle Ages, insane asylums were built to remove the mentally ill people from the streets. These unfortunate people were feared and viewed with horror by most of the population of the time. The asylums created were really prisons and not centers for treatment. The inmates were chained and the rooms were dark and filthy dungeons. The “patients” were treated like animals, not humans.

Later on in history, in Paris 1792 an experiment was conducted. The chains were removed from the inmates which was a big deal at that time. Much to the amazement of the skeptics this experiment on the “animals” was a success! A different attitude was now starting to emerge towards the treatment of the mentally ill. The inmates were removed from their filthy dungeons and given clean, sunny rooms. They were treated with kindness and not like wild animals by the staff. The result was that many ill folks who were considered hopelessly crazy recovered and were even able to leave the asylum!

But the treatments used to try and cure the mentally ill were horror stories out of a horror flick. These “treatments” were actually forms of torture that were believed to help bring the patient back to reality. One early treatment was the branding of a patient’s head with a red hot iron to “bring the animal to his senses”. An English treatment of the earlier nineteenth century involved using a rotating device in which the afflicted person was placed and then whirled around at a high speed. Even as late as the nineteenth century another similar “treatment” device was used. This one swung the mentally ill person around while he was in a harness. This treatment supposedly “calmed the nerves”.

Then in 1904 there was a breakthrough in mental illness science. Syphilis spirochete was discovered and shown that there could be a physical cause for mental illness. Then, Sigmund Freud and his followers came along and suggested that environmental factors could be the cause of mental disorders. But it seems that even with these new scientific breakthroughs and different ways of viewing mental illness, the general population of the early 1900’s still thought of mentally ill people living in asylums with fear, horror and even hatred. There still was no real understanding of this terrible illness.

But in 1908 an amazing thing happened. A mentally ill person named Clifford Beers recovered from his mental illness. He published a book called “A Mind That Found Itself”. He was diagnosed with manic-depressive psychosis and was institutionalized for three years. The earlier forms of torture, branding, “spinning” and others were abandoned at this time only to be replaced by overcrowded hospitals, poor food, strait jackets and sadistic and uncaring attendants. These elements made the “hospitals” unpleasant places to live in, let alone to try and recover in.

Clifford Beers described his experiences in the insane asylums. He helped educate the public about the principles of mental health. His single-handed efforts to educate the public about mental illness, along with using his book helped to make the public aware of the disease and to help understand it. Soon the National Committee for Mental Hygiene was organized. Then in 1950 the committee joined with two other groups and formed the National Association for Mental Health.

Of course nowadays we have a much better understanding of mental health and mental illnesses. New drugs and treatments are always being discovered. Looking back in time, it sure is hard to believe that the understanding of this illness was so limited and the accepted treatments were so barbaric. But today, with our advanced drugs, technology and treatments we are able to help the mentally ill successfully recover in many cases and lead healthy, normal lives. Maybe one day science will discover the answers as to what causes mental illness in the first place and find us a sure and permanent cure.

Supplemental Infertility Insurance – When Your Employer’s Plan Does Not Cover IVF

Infertility treatments are very expensive, and there are no guarantees that you will conceive. Health insurance plans that cover IVF and other infertility treatments are hard to find. Fourteen states have laws mandating some level of coverage, but each state mandate is full of holes; most couples have little or no coverage.

If you employer does not offer a group plan with infertility coverage, your chances of finding individual coverage is slim. And if you do find coverage, it comes in the form of a rebate. You get a partial refund if you don’t conceive. But this approach covers your smaller exposure: the cost of infertility treatment that fail. Your costs are just beginning when you conceive.

Wouldn’t it make sense to purchase insurance coverage that pays benefits for you bigger exposure: you conceive and have a baby? Supplemental insurance pays a benefit for your normal delivery. Your benefit may greatly exceed the premium you pay. Use this excess to cover some of your infertility treatment costs.

State Mandates for Group Coverage

Fourteen states have health insurance laws that mandate some form of coverage for infertility treatments, and sometimes for IVF explicitly. If you are fortunate to live in one of these states, or work for an employer headquartered in these state, count yourself very lucky. You have at least some level of coverage.

Couples living in one of these states are not guaranteed infertility coverage. Some states have a mandate to offer coverage. Insurers are required to offer these plans, but employers are not compelled to buy them. Other states limit the mandate to employer groups of a certain size based upon the number of employees. States can only regulate insurers. If your employer self ensures, they are exempt from the regulations. Also if your employer is headquartered in one of the thirty six states with no state mandate, they are exempt as well.

If you live in one of the thirty six states with no mandate, you are on your own.

Individual Health Coverage for Infertility

Most infertility health insurance options sold to individuals are rebate plans. You are refunded a portion of your infertility or IVF treatment cost if you do not conceive and/or delivery a baby. The insurer will provide this option only if you qualify medically.

Many couples find this option appealing – after all who wants to pay lots of money only to get nothing in return? Upon closer inspection, these plans don’t make sense for everybody for three reasons. First, insurer offers the refund program only to couples likely to conceive based upon their extensive knowledge of fertility rates and medical conditions. Second, couples are asked to bet against the insurer who is better informed, and has deeper pockets. Third, this insurance fails to address couples biggest exposure: when happens when they get pregnant?

When infertility treatments fail, you get a portion of your money back. When they work, you pay for the insurance, plus the infertility treatment, and then have to deal with the possibility of a high risk pregnancy, followed by a loss of maternity leave income, followed by the cost of raising a child.

Individual Coverage for Your Bigger Exposure

Supplemental insurance, when purchased preconception provides a means to cover some of your infertility treatment costs, and protect you in case of complications. Your benefit for normal delivery may greatly exceed the premium you pay. Use this excess to fund some of your infertility treatment costs. Plus, you have extra security in case of complications, premature birth, accidents and illnesses – all at no additional cost.

Marvelous Medicinal Value of Effective Herbal Supplement

Herbal supplements are widely known for their many amazing health benefits. Even in ancient cultures, parts of plants are consumed to relieve pain and treat common health problems such as sleeplessness, stomachache, colds, and fever. While there are a lot of synthetically produced nutritional supplements and medicines available in the market today, most people prefer to take herbal supplements not only to treat various illnesses but also to rev up their immune system and improve overall health. Despite the fact that primary care doctors don’t recommend the use of herbs and botanical remedies, a number of pharmaceutical industries are still earning billions from producing various health products derived from plants and other natural sources.Some of the reasons why most people are turning to natural supplements and cures are that unlike some common synthetic drugs, they are easily absorbed by the body and are safe because they don’t have any adverse side effects.

With thousands of herbal supplements out there, it is really hard to find out which product can provide you with enormous health benefits. Aside from that, not all supplements available in pharmaceutical stores are properly produced and the government has no strict regulations when it comes to herbal products so it is very important to carefully choose the best brand of natural supplement. Before purchasing a certain herbal supplement make sure to check the information listed in the product label. If you can’t decide on the right supplement because you have recurring illnesses, are taking medications, or if you are pregnant, it is more prudent if you meet with a nutritionist or make a detailed research of the brand name.

Some of the common herbal supplements and remedies are garlic, Echinacea, bee pollen, and ginseng. Garlic has been used for centuries in cooking and as treatment for severe health problems. Raw garlic has overwhelming health benefits that it is considered a marvelous herbal medicine. Modern researches found out that garlic has anti-oxidant and natural anti-biotic properties. Garlic is used as a natural remedy for pimples and acne, and it’s also use to treat common colds, reduce blood cholesterol level, regulate blood sugar, and prevent cardiovascular diseases. Garlic has a sharp taste and strong odor that most people prefer to take garlic supplements to avoid the lingering smell. Echinacea which is a native plant in North America is also a powerful remedy for all types of infections and cancer. Taking Echinacea herbal supplement can help improve immune system naturally. Bee pollen is another popular supplement that contains many awesome benefits. It is actually classified as one of the nature’s super food as it contains natural substances such as vitamins B,C,D,E, beta-carotene,iron, manganese, calcium, zinc, potassium, magnesium, and selenium, that are necessary for optimal health. If you often feel tired and sluggish, including bee pollen supplement in your diet can help relieve fatigue, boost your mood, and restore your energy. If you are sensitive to pollens, bee pollen supplements can help increase your resistance to allergies that cause breathing problems. Taking bee pollen supplements regularly can also help strengthen your immune system, protecting your body against various diseases. Ginseng, a potent herb included in the list of traditional oriental medicines can greatly help fight physical and emotional stress, enhance memory and improve mental alertness.

Treating Multiple Myeloma Naturally

Multiple myeloma is a cancer that commences in plasma cells which are a part of the white blood cells present in the blood circulation. These plasma cells play an important part in the immune system of the body by producing antibodies to help protect the body against infection and damage. In this disease, plasma cells become abnormal and are then termed as myeloma cells, which produce antibodies known as M proteins. These myeloma cells gradually crowd out the normal cells within the bones and produce symptoms in several bones at a time, because of which this condition is termed as multiple myeloma. When myeloma cells collect in one single bone, this mass is known as plasmacytoma.

Multiple myeloma produces symptoms such as weakness, tiredness, frequent infections, frequent thirst, bone pains – especially the back, broken bones, frequent urination, nausea, constipation, anaemia, weight loss, kidney failure, and amyloidosis. Multiple myeloma is diagnosed with the help of tests such as x-rays for bones, high levels of plasma cells and calcium in the blood, M protein and Beta 2 microglobulin, and Bence Jones protein test for 24 hours urine. A bone marrow examination is usually diagnostic of this condition. CT scan, MRI, and PET scan can be utilised to identify the spread of the disease and severity, after which the disease is graded so as to define the treatment plan for this condition. Anticancer drugs, radiation therapy, and stem cell transplantation constitute the conventional treatment for this condition. Overall, response to anticancer drugs and radiation therapy is quite poor, and most patients stop responding after some time.

Ayurvedic herbal treatment is especially useful in the treatment of multiple myeloma, since it treats both the original problem in the bone marrow and also treats its associated symptoms. The herbal medicines which are used in the management of this condition have a specific action on the bone marrow and stimulate it to start producing normal plasma and other blood cells. Simultaneously, other medicines are utilised in order to kill and remove the abnormal plasma cells from the blood and the bones. These dead cells are then flushed out from the body either from the gastrointestinal tract or through the kidneys via the urine.

Herbo- mineral medicines can be used in the management of multiple myeloma which normalise the production of red blood cells and white blood cells and thereby treat symptoms such as weakness, tiredness, frequent thirst and anaemia. Removal of the abnormal plasma cells from the bones reduces bone pains and prevents or reduces fracture of bones due to bone weakness. The excess calcium present in the blood is redirected towards the bones to normalise the disturbed metabolism resulting from multiple myeloma. Medicines which remove the debris, dead cancer cells, and generated toxins through the kidneys also have a preserving function on the kidneys so that these are not damaged due to the disease. If the affected individual exhibits symptoms of amyloidosis, this condition needs to be treated separately with Ayurvedic medicines.

Some Ayurvedic medicines which are useful in the management of multiple myeloma include Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis),Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), Abhadi Guggulu, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut Gugglu,Gokshuradi Guggulu and Mahamanjishthadi Qadha. Most individuals affected with multiple myeloma require Ayurvedic treatment for about 9 to 15 months in order to benefit significantly from treatment and obtain considerable relief from this condition. Ayurvedic treatment can definitely bring about a good response in this condition, which has so far proved to be refractory to conventional treatment, and herbal treatment can provide significant improvement in the quality of life as well as survival of affected individuals. Ayurvedic herbal treatment thus has a significant contribution to play in the management and treatment of multiple myeloma.

Desperate to Lose Weight Quickly? Easy Ways to Lose Weight

If you are desperate to lose weight quickly, then you need to make sure that you are following safe and proven weight loss programs and tips that can give you effective and long lasting results.

Many people depend on fat loss pills and diet supplements as the fastest way to lose weight, which can ruin your health and offer you only temporary results. Intensive workouts may actually leave your body tired and devoid of any energy and is definitely not the right way towards quick weight loss. So what works? A slow and steady way of losing weight can give you better results in the long term and lead to definite weight loss.

You need to have a strong sense of determination and set your goals for slimming down accordingly. There is no short cut to successfully losing excess weight and you need to remember that a well shaped and toned body can be achieved using the right combination of exercises and planning a healthy diet.

Lots of people become victims to the false claims made by unethical manufacturers and end up buying different weight loss products. However, it is important to realize that these can prove disastrous to the health and cause various kinds of side effects.

Some smart tips for quick weight loss

If you are aiming at quick and safe weight loss, then you can follow some of the tips given here:

Switch to a low glycemic diet

It is important to eat foods which have a low glycemic index and contain less fat and at the same time contain essential nutrients that can keep your body healthy. You can include in your diet lots of grains – including breakfast cereals that contain oats, barley and whole grain breads, as well as eating different kinds of fruits and vegetables.

Reduce your meal portions

One of the easy ways to lose some excess weight is to cut down the quantity of your meal portions to reduce food consumption. Make sure that you take small portions of food every time and increase the frequency of eating to about 5-6 times a day by including healthy servings of fruits and vegetables like salads. However, make sure to avoid salad dressings that are oily and fattening.

Eat more protein-based foods

Eat more protein-based foods which can help in increasing your metabolism and burn fat more easily. A protein rich diet helps you to preserve your lean muscle and gives you good energy after a workout. Make sure that the protein foods that you choose are low in fat to get the best results.

Combine cardio exercises along with weight training

Do cardio workouts along with a weight-training program that can speed up the process of burning fat and build muscle for a well-toned body. Also, remember that a shorter workout can produce better results than longer workouts done at a moderate pace.

Use effective weight loss programs and tips if you really want to slim down, tone up and look fantastic!

Head Injury in Young Athletes

1.2 million young athletes play football in the United States each week. 50% of them are likely to have a concussion some time in their high school playing career. 35% will have more than one head injury. Which one will be mild, improving uneventfully and which will result in severe disability is impossible to predict. We have learned over the last couple years that these injuries are more frequent and have an effect on the injured athlete for a much longer period of time than previously thought. Recent research tells us these young people are at much greater risk to develop problems later from seemingly mild head injuries as well.

More young people of both genders are participating in organized sports than ever. There are intrinsic differences in the young athlete that make them more vulnerable to injury because both the brain and body are still growing and have not reached their full mature potential. 60,000 sports related head injuries occur to high school athletes each year. High school football has been compared to notoriously dangerous jobs such as coal mining. Football is not the only sport where young athletes experience deliberate or incidental contact. Part of the challenge for responsible adults working with young athletes is the athlete’s lack of maturity and experience. It creates greater liability for injury and difficulty in even recognizing subtle but important signs. Young athletes often hide their injury or pain because of the eagerness to return to play, avoid embarrassment, not let their team down or try to meet unrealistic expectations. This is particularly important with head injuries as there may be no visible sign of the injury. The athlete may deny their symptoms of headache, confusion, dizziness with a determined attitude to return to play. Research over the last couple years has pointed to the importance of subtle signs which may be the only clue. Even seemingly mild blows to the head may lead to more serious injury. Certainly repeated small injuries increase the risk of serious complications. Coaches and parents need to be observant and conservative about monitoring athletes in contact sports or anytime there appears to be even mild head trauma. Under-treating these episodes lead to bigger short-term and long-term problems. The responsible adult must exercise a great deal of patience and restraint. Never encourage your young athlete to “play with pain”. Any potential head trauma should be evaluated thoroughly and cleared by a medical professional familiar with head injuries before the athlete returns to play.

The exact cause of concussions is not well understood but there are some recognizable patterns in symptoms and behavior. To understand what is happening to the brain we can compare a sharp blow to the forearm. There is certainly pain after the accident. The arm may feel unusual and not work well. Nothing is broken, symptoms resolve spontaneously and completely. A similar thing can happen to the brain after direct trauma to the head. After the accident there is pain. The pain is usually substantial and feels deep-seated inside the head. The person feels “funny”. Only a momentary lapse in memory or feeling dazed is possible. The brain temporarily may not work quite right exhibiting a wide range of random symptoms. However nothing is broken and it goes away spontaneously. Common symptoms of post concussion syndrome include headache, dizziness, fatigue, memory loss, light sensitivity and difficulty concentrating. Behavior can be minimally or profoundly affected by head trauma. Personality change, irritability or anxiety is not unusual. Other changes can be difficulty regulating emotions, poor coordination, or temporary learning disability. The precise cause of symptoms remains unclear and is a source of disagreement among researchers. At the microscopic or cellular level we still are not clear how the brain is operating. Research has shown changes in brain activity following even mild head trauma that was thought to be insignificant. Moreover these changes can have long-lasting effects on brain activity and the thought process involving a variety of behaviors.

More emphasis on preventing these common but serious injuries is needed. Parents and coaches should be instrumental in educating young athletes in proper training to prepare them for their sport. This must include conditioning, some strength training as well as attention to good technique and understanding how to play the game well. Knowing the rules and use of proper protective equipment is also mission-critical. We have learned that rest of both mind and body is important to allow the brain to heal. There is no exact formula for this. Each person must be cautiously evaluated on a case by case basis. A young developing body that has yet to reach its full potential for strength and durability needs patience and time to heal. Working together with your health care provider to formulate a plan for rest and transitional activity, can insure a rapid recovery and help prevent future injury.

A concussion is a complicated problem that needs thorough initial evaluation. Seek medical attention for head injures even if they seem mild and no loss of consciousness. Severity of symptoms and initial imaging studies can detect serious problems early and be the reassuring basis for ongoing treatment. The Center for Disease Control( http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/ ) is an excellent reference for head injuries in young athletes. Post concussion syndrome can be temporarily debilitating and frustrating. However the cautious prudent approach in conjunction with your health care provider will assure the best course of treatment for a life time of success for your young athlete.

The Three Advantages of a Walk in Clinic

A walk in clinic offers an alternative to hospital emergency rooms for less serious injuries and illnesses. However, many people are still not aware of this option and its advantages. Urgent care does not require an appointment, so services are provided at a quicker and more flexible pace. People who are uninsured may find this health care facility to be more affordable than other options.

A Clinic for Common Injuries

According to Shawn Evans, MD, an emergency medical physician, it’s common to see people go to the ER for after-hours care on minor injuries without realizing there is another option available.

A walk-in clinic is available for injuries that need immediate care but are not considered serious enough to warrant a visit to the emergency room. Most injuries that are treated at an urgent care center include minor burns, minor fractures, falls, accidents, infections, sprains, cuts, and common illnesses such as a cold or flu. Many clinics also provide diagnostic services that require the use of X-rays, and lab tests. A person should go to the emergency room or call 911 if their injury or illness is possibly life threatening or requires immediate attention, such as a serious head injury, or a possible heart attack or stroke.

More Flexible For Individual Needs

Accidents and illnesses can happen unexpectedly. Scheduling the next available time to see a physician is not always feasible. Due to the fact that an urgent care center is available on a walk-in basis, a person can seek immediate attention rather than wait for their doctor’s next available appointment. In fact, this is why the walk in clinic was established. The main objective is to fill a gap for when a person is sick or injured, but unable to reach their doctor. Also, a walk in clinic would have more flexible hours and can be open on weekends and in the evening. The waiting period at most urgent care centers also tends to be shorter. Since the services provided at an urgent care center tend to a less broad range of medical issues to treat, the average wait time is 15 to 45 minutes, compared to the 2.4 hour wait time in an emergency waiting room.

More Affordable

While the ER can provide sufficient care for any medical issue, it can leave a deep hole in many wallets, especially as the cost of healthcare continues to rise. For many people who are uninsured, a local walk-in clinic can provide quality care at a more affordable price. According to Cigna Medical Group, a person that visits the ER can expect to pay up to three times more than an urgent care center. While the cost of an ER visit can vary depending on the medical issue and treatment needed, a National Institute of Health study determined the average cost for a trip to the emergency room is more than $1,200. On the other hand, an uninsured person can visit an urgent care center for the same issue, receive quality care, and pay between $50 and $130 for the entire visit.